Workload and Rewards

Making Faculty Workload Equitable

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A Youtube video summarizing the problem of workload equity in the academic work environment.

The Ivory Ceiling of Service Work

Gender, Work-Time, and Care Responsibilities Among Faculty.

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This study explores how faculty at one research-intensive university spend their time on research, teaching, mentoring, and service, as well as housework, childcare, care for elders, and other long-term care. Drawing on surveys and focus group interviews with faculty, the article examines how gender is related to time spent on the different components of faculty work, as well as on housework and care. Findings show that many faculty report working more than 60 hours a week, with substantial time on weekends devoted to work.

Whose Problem is It? Gender Differences in Faculty Thinking about Campus Service.

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Background/Context: Empirical evidence suggests women faculty spend more time in campus service than men, which perpetuates inequality between men and women because research is valued more than service in academic reward systems, especially at research universities. Purpose/Focus of Study: In this study I apply insights from research on gender inequality to examine whether women and men faculty at a research university were thinking about their campus service differently.

Constrained Choices: A View of Campus Service Inequality from Annual Faculty Reports.

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Time is a valuable resource in academic careers. Empirical evidence suggests women faculty spend more time in campus service than men. Yet some studies show no difference when relevant variables are included. The primary source of data for most workload studies is cross-sectional surveys that have several weaknesses. This study investigated campus service inequality and factors that predict it at 1 research university using a novel and more comprehensive source of data - annual faculty reports.

Intractable Challenges in Faculty Workload.

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What are the most intractable problems that institutions face as they go about creating workload reform to be more strategic and equitable? During this webinar, project leaders, academic leaders, and faculty researchers discussed key insights on faculty workload reform during the Faculty Workload and Rewards Project.

Department Conditions and Practices Associated with Faculty Workload Satisfaction and Perceptions of Equity.

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For decades, national surveys have shown faculty report high levels of dissatisfaction with the distribution of labor in their departments, especially women and underrepresented minority faculty. Research suggests this dissatisfaction is warranted, as these groups are often engaged in more service, mentoring, and institutional housekeeping than their peers. Despite the ample work revealing workload inequities and their consequences, few studies have examined the backdrop of conditions and practices within which workload is perceived as more or less fair, especially within departments.

Undoing disparities in faculty workloads: A randomized trial experiment.

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We conducted a randomized control study to improve equity in how work is taken up, assigned and rewarded in academic departments. We used a four-part intervention targeting routine work practices, department conditions, and the readiness of faculty to intervene to shape more equitable outcomes over an 18-month period.

Equity-Minded Faculty Workloads: What We Can and Should Do Now.

Asked More Often: Gender Differences in Faculty Workload in Research Universities and the Work Interactions that Shape Them.

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Guided by research on gendered organizations and faculty careers, we examined gender differences in how research university faculty spend their work time. We used time-diary methods to understand faculty work activities at a microlevel of detail, as recorded by faculty themselves over 4 weeks. We also explored workplace interactions that shape faculty workload. Similar to past studies, we found women faculty spending more time on campus service, student advising, and teaching-related activities and men spending more time on research.