The Journal of Higher Education
Time is a valuable resource in academic careers. Empirical evidence suggests women faculty spend more time in campus service than men. Yet some studies show no difference when relevant variables are included. The primary source of data for most workload studies is cross-sectional surveys that have several weaknesses. This study investigated campus service inequality and factors that predict it at 1 research university using a novel and more comprehensive source of data - annual faculty reports. The investigation was guided by Kanter's work on the role of power and representation and Lewis and Simpson's rereading of Kanter's work to focus on gender, power, and representation. The authors examined 1,146 records of faculty campus service during 2 years. In both years, women faculty reported more total campus service than men while controlling for race, rank, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), and the critical mass of women in a department. When considering levels of service, women reported higher numbers of service activities at the department and university levels. Women in male-dominated fields tended to have service workloads more like their peers and less like women in non-STEM fields. The article concludes with considerations regarding implications for organizing practices that maintain inequity between men and women in campus service.
Teachers College Record. 118, 080306. 1-38.
Dr. O'Meara applies insights from research on gender inequality to examine whether women and men faculty at a research university were thinking about their campus service differently. This paper adds to the literature by (1) making faculty thinking about campus service visible, (2) examining how this thinking is constrained by gender, and the gendered nature of organizations, and (3) revealing how individualistic and cosmopolitan orientations, and communal and local orientations appear together in faculty thinking about campus service.
Nature, 523, 627-629.
In this article on women scientists and committee service work, KerryAnn O'Meara and UMD ADVANCE are highlighted on page 628 for research into annual faculty reports on the average number of faculty campus service activities by rank and college. This information is published on the ADVANCE Dashboard, contributing to transparency of faculty campus service work. Read the full article here.